How to take a finger prick blood sample'
Cholesterol is a fatty substance which is found in the blood known as a lipid.
Cholesterol is mostly made by the liver from the fatty foods we eat and plays an essential role in how cells in the body work.
Too much cholesterol in the blood (hyperlipidemia) can have a serious effect on your health as it increases your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
Cholesterol is made up of two kinds of cholesterol. LDL and HDL cholesterol.
LDL cholesterol is called “bad” cholesterol as elevated levels of LDL cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. LDL lipoprotein deposits cholesterol on the artery walls, causing the formation of a hard, thick substance called cholesterol plaque. Over time, cholesterol plaque causes thickening of the artery walls and narrowing of the arteries, a process called atherosclerosis.
HDL cholesterol is called the “good cholesterol” as HDL cholesterol particles prevent atherosclerosis by extracting cholesterol from the artery walls and disposing of them through the liver. Thus, high levels of LDL cholesterol and low levels of HDL cholesterol (high LDL/HDL ratios) are risk factors for atherosclerosis, while low levels of LDL cholesterol and high level of HDL cholesterol (low LDL/HDL ratios) are desirable.
This test is a Total cholesterol test and is the sum of LDL (low density) cholesterol, HDL (high density) cholesterol, VLDL (very low density) cholesterol, and IDL (intermediate density) cholesterol.
Diabetes tests and diabetes screens are for people with a family history of diabetes, from those who have a high risk of developing diabetes such as the middle aged, overweight and with high cholesterol, to those who have been diagnosed and are wanting to monitor their diabetes more closely.
Diabetes affects about 8% of the population. It often goes undiagnosed because many of its symptoms seem so harmless. Recent studies indicate that the early detection of diabetes symptoms and treatment can decrease the chance of developing the complications of diabetes.
A simple glucose test (blood sugar test) will aid in the diagnosis of diabetes. (This will involve a small finger-prick sample of your blood)
Click here for more information on diabetes.